The geography of Lepenski Vir

There are a number of factors that have been listed by the researchers that contribute to the theory of the existence of early life along the Danube River, and especially within the Lepenski Vir area. The majority of these factors are geographical while some emanate from the archaeological evidence established through excavation.

They comprise of their presence in the river, the positioning of the rocks, and the type of soil that may have aided in the survival of the people that lived in the area as well as the preservation of the site.

Aside from the open view of the Danube River, the banks have a stable and enduring terrain and are resistant to erosion. This stability comes from a rocky cape which deeply protrudes into the river. Moreover, the boulders function as an anchor positioned by nature of the terrain holding the settlement. This means that the people may have stayed for longer periods and perhaps built permanent houses, and the settlement endured different seasons and thousands of years.

Indeed, there is evidence of occupation of the site, ranging from between 1,500 to 2,000 years, and spanning from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic era. Additionally, the culture is said to have been through to the Neolithic Vinca and Starcevo upstream the river, and approximately 135 km and 139 km from the Lepenski Vir. This long habitation may also have been enabled by the natural richness of the land and the mic gains from the limestone cliffs.

Furthermore, the protruding rocks led to the development of the whirlpools. Naturally, this causes increased oxygenation of the waters and as such, enabled the growth of more algae and ultimately more fish in abundance. Therefore, the population may also have endured for longer periods because of the presence of fish as a source of food. The geographical positioning therefore and in every way, made the place habitable.

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